CMF / CRF Details

CMF ID: 4246

Increase inside paved shoulder width from 4ft to 12ft

Description: Interchange influence area on urban four-lane freeway with a 12-ft inside paved shoulder and a paved outside shoulder with warning device

Prior Condition: 4-ft paved inside shoulder and paved outside shoulder within interchange influence area

Category: Shoulder treatments

Study: Developing Crash Modification Factors for Interchange Influence Areas on Urban Four-Lane Freeways Using Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines, Haleem, Gan, and Lu, 2012

Star Quality Rating: 3 Stars   [View score details]
Rating Points Total: 105
Crash Modification Factor (CMF)
Value: 0.992
Adjusted Standard Error:
Unadjusted Standard Error: 0.1
Crash Reduction Factor (CRF)
Value: 0.8   (This value indicates a decrease in crashes)
Adjusted Standard Error:
Unadjusted Standard Error: 10
Crash Type: All
Crash Severity: K (fatal),A (serious injury),B (minor injury),C (possible injury)
Roadway Types: Principal Arterial Other Freeways and Expressways
Number of Lanes: 4
Road Division Type: Divided by Median
Speed Limit:
Area Type: Urban
Traffic Volume:
Average Traffic Volume:
Time of Day: Not specified
If countermeasure is intersection-based
Intersection Type:
Intersection Geometry:
Traffic Control:
Major Road Traffic Volume:
Minor Road Traffic Volume:
Average Major Road Volume :
Average Minor Road Volume :
Development Details
Date Range of Data Used: 2005 to 2008
State: FL
Country: United States
Type of Methodology Used: 7
Sample Size (crashes): 6151 crashes
Other Details
Included in Highway Safety Manual? No
Date Added to Clearinghouse: Nov-01-2012
Comments: Applies only to interchange influence areas. Countermeasure name changed in Jan 2014 to be more consistent with other CMFs from same study.